It is difficult to perceive the passage of Time. I don’t mean the days, the months or the years of a life, measurable with a watch or a calendar, not even the centuries, studied as an historical subject, but the thousands and the millions of years, above all the ones to come, if and how many. However, I do not wish to speak about Eternity but of human life in Time. Eternity is a philosophical concept or Faith; one either believes or one doesn’t. Instead the passage of Time, seen as a string of events that have taken place, is comprehensible to most people but it is often confusing in perspective because the interest for the particular makes one lose sight of a wider space of Time. One is no longer able to view the historical evolution in a wider sense. The year becomes more important than the decade, the decade more important than the century and so forth. The human mind seldom stands up to a distant perspective.


Bach died more than 250 years ago, but for some he is still alive. If one thinks of Beethoven and Brahms in succession, even they seem just as distant and just as alive. For us these three successions that occur at a distance of approximately 70 years from one another mean little and make less of an impression than the recent death of a dear friend.


It is as though Time, under certain aspects, didn’t exist. It is only the passage of personal experiences that one tries to measure, classify, describe or explain in an exasperated search for self-assertion. One tries to measure oneself during the course of life so as to create illusions of immortality. Here one finds the greatest difficulty due to the lack of personal experiences. Even though it is extremely difficult, it is however easier to understand the passage of time of one’s own life than that of a previous or subsequent lives. Man will always have blinkers. Only few elected persons are without but no individual will ever have an all-embracing vision.


Man is born ignorant and has to learn everything about life right up to his death. He will make the same mistakes that his ancestors made; he will love and hate like them, feel atavic emotions and sensations as new and personal. This cycle repeats itself continuously and often the individual, even having understood it through experience, forgets it because human memory seldom remembers distant perspectives other than those of its own life.


The difficulty of having a balanced perspective of the passage of Time in the 20th century is greater than at other historical periods because, whilst the average life of Man has lengthened, the technological changes are more rapid and consequently even “fashions” or stylistic periods follow one another in rapid succession. In fact, Man today finds it more difficult to measure the passage of this multitude of different and sudden moments of Time in the space of his life. The same thing happens in the musical field.
Though one cannot identify a precise moment to determine the passage from the Baroque period (1650-1750 circa) to the Classical one (1720-1820 circa) and from the Classical to the Romantic (1820-1920 circa), one can vaguely say that each period lasts approximately a century. In the 20th century stylistic periods at first have an overall duration of approximately 30-40 years, i.e. Impressionism (1890-1930 circa), Neo-Classicism (1917-1952 circa), but then they follow one another more frequently with different and inferior overall durations, (Expressionism and Dodecaphony). From 1950 onwards Serialism itself is made up of periods in continuous evolution that overlap one another and it becomes nearly impossible to distinguish their durations. Electronic Music and Aleatoric Music follow one another rapidly during the early 1950’s. The same can be said with the advent of New Simplicity, Minimalism, Ethnic Music, music with Sound Effects, Neo-Tonality, New Age Music etc. from the early 1970’s onwards. At the present time one can notice that every few years styles change and that many of these intermingle with one another, though one can approximately subdivide the music between that of Tonal or Atonal origin.


If, for example, one examines in retrospective “masterpieces” written in the space of 5 or 10 years, one has a “human” vision, that is more restricted, but if we examine “masterpieces” written in the space of 50 or 70 years or even preferably 100 years, one can evaluate far better the “historic” evolution. With the word “masterpiece” the present essay does not mean to express an “artistic” judgement but exclusively an “historical” one.


It is extraordinary to notice that during the period 1893 to 1898 the following extremely diverse masterpieces were born:
1893 Tchaikowsky: Symphony N. 6 “Patetique”
Dvorak: Symphony N. 9 “New World”
Verdi: Falstaff
Debussy: Quartet
Debussy: L’Après-midi d’un Faune
Mahler: Symphony N. 2
1895 Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel
Bruckner: Symphony N. 9
Puccini: La Bohème
Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra
Mahler: Symphony N. 3
1897 Dukas: L’Apprenti Sorcier
Strauss: Ein Heldenleben
Ravel: Shehérazade
Surely, the complex of the harmonic, rhythmic, melodic and timbric innovations of Debussy can be understood better now that more than 100 years have passed. We clearly perceive that “L’Après-midi d’un Faune” was the first “modern” composition that influenced all the music that came in the following century.


Consequently, during the period 1899 to 1909 Debussy seems less “innovative” than Schoenberg, Berg and Webern.
Elgar: Enigma Variations
Sibelius: Finlandia
Sibelius: Symphony N. 1
Ravel: Pavane pour une Enfante Défunte
Schoenberg: Verklarte Nacht
Puccini: La Tosca
Debussy: Nocturnes
Mahler: Symphony N. 4
Sibelius: Symphony N. 2
Rachmaninoff: Concerto for Piano N. 2
Dvorak: Rusalka
Debussy: Pelléas et Mélisande
Mahler: Symphony N. 5
Ravel: Jeux d’Eau
Cilea: Adriana Lecouvreur
Ravel: Quartet
Puccini: Madama Butterfly
Janacek: Jenufa
Mahler: Sinfonia N° 6
Mahler: Kindertotenlieder
Debussy: La Mer
Lehar: Die Lustige Witwe
Strauss: Salome
Sibelius: Pelléas et Mélisande
Mahler: Symphony N. 7
Mahler: Symphony N. 8
Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie Op. 9
Ravel: Rapsodie Espagnole
Ives: Central Park in the Dark
Webern: Passacaglia fur Orchester
Berg: Sonate fur Klavier
Debussy: Iberia
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde
Skrjabin: Poeme de l’Extase
Schoenberg: Quartet N. 10
Strauss: Elektra
Mahler: Symphony N. 9
Vaughan Williams: A Sea Symphony N. 1
Schoenberg: Funf Stucke fur Orchester
Schoenberg: Erwartung
Webern: Sechs Stucke fur Orchester Op. 6


The works of the “School of Vienna” are now comprehensible to most musicians, but they were not at the time. Only with study and exercise in listening did they become so. Notwithstanding this, many people find their music still incomprehensible or maybe comprehensible but not totally acceptable. For many the “barrier” has been and remains Atonality, not entirely present in the other masterpieces listed here and thus not assimilated as a language.

However, without “L’Apres-midi d’un Faune” (and the consequent masterpieces influenced by it) the “Sacre du Printemps” wouldn’t have existed, neither the stylistic development of Schoenberg, Berg and, above all, Webern.

1910 Strawinsky: L’Oiseau de Feu
Skrjabin: Prometheus ou Le Poème de Feu
Mahler: Symphony N. 10
1911 Strawinsky: Petrouchka
Ravel: Valses Nobles et Sentimentales
Ravel: Daphnis e Chloe
Gliere: Symphony N° 3 Op.42
Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier
Ives: The Unanswered Question
1912 Debussy: Jeux
Ives: Symphony N. 3
Ravel: Ma Mère l’Oye
Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire
1913 Strawinsky: Sacre du Printemps
Schoenberg: Der Gluckische Hand
Webern: Funf Stucke fur Orchester Op. 10
Russolo: Bruitismo


Notwithstanding every masterpiece mentioned above has striking artistic originality, Ives, Schoenberg, Strawinsky and Webern capture the greatest attention for their “innovations” during the period 1910 to 1913. No other compositions can any longer appear “shocking”, not even the first two Twelve-Tone works Op. 23 and Op. 25 for piano by Schoenberg. If one compares Schoenberg’s atonal works to his Dodecaphonic ones, they appear less diverse from each other than to the Sacre du Printemps, but also to the “Sechs Stucke fur Orchester Op. 6” and the “Funf Stucke fur Orchester Op. 10” by Webern. In fact many works of Schoenberg’s Twelve-Tone period seem more “tonal” than those of the successive Atonal period. Therefore Schoenberg’s original application of Atonality and successively of Dodecaphony (but also Berg’s) is less innovative to the ear than that of Webern, where there is harmonic, melodic and rhythmic “innovation” but above all timbric and “spatial”, which is more radical and similar to the advent of Debussy’s “L’Après-midi d’un Faune” in 1894. The same can obviously be said about Strawinsky’s “Rite of Spring”. Thus, it is not the abstract invention of a musical technique that allows the creation of a “masterpiece” but its application so that it results alive and clear to the ear. If so it means that the process of communication has taken place. This could not have been easily understood in those times due to the lack of comparison with other “masterpieces”. One understands this best after a few decades.


An interesting “historical” period is that between 1926 and 1931. It is incredible to notice that Puccini was still writing an opera like “Turandot” only one year before Varese’s “Arcana” and that Ravel wrote his “Concerto in G” three years after Schoenberg’s “Variation’s for Orchestra Op. 31”. This kind of observation is applicable to “masterpieces” in the space of the 20th century.


1926 Kodaly: Hary Janos
Janacek: Glagolitic Mass
Hindemith: Cardillac
Sciostakovic: Symphony N. 1
Puccini: Turandot
1927 Varese: Arcana
Krenek: Jonny Spielt Auf
1928 Gershwin: An American in Paris
Ravel: Bolero
Strawinsky: Apollon Musagète
Schoenberg: Variationen fur Orchester Op. 31
Berg: Lyrische Suite
Webern: Symphonie Op. 21
Weill: Die Dreigroschenoper
1929 Respighi: Feste Romane
1930 Strawinsky: Symphonie des Psaumes
Roussel: Bacchus et Ariane
Roussel: Symphony N. 3
Sciostakovic: The Nose
1931 Ravel: Concerto in G
Ravel: Concerto in D (left hand)
Walton: Belshazzar’s Feast
Skalkottas: Octet
Szymanowski: Harnasie
Varese: Ionisation
For over a century multiple musical styles and techniques have coexisted and prove that “Masterpieces” have been created independently of stylistic choices imposed by passing “fashions”. Every real composer, urged by his own natural artistic vitality, has continued to compose according to his inclinations and not under pressure from any of the artistic, political and social “cleansing”, which, in the long run, has never had any effect. Shostakovich may be considered a successful compromise, but not always. It was pointless to banish Rachmaninov from Russia because he was ” bourgeois” in 1931 and just as pointless to banish Beethoven and Schubert from China because they were considered “capitalists” in 1974. Just as pointless is that exasperated imposition of “Radicalism” at all costs on the part of composers, historians and musicologists of the last decades and pointless are the defences of their equivalent “Reactionaries” at the opposite extreme.


In a few thousand years or more, will it matter that Bach lived approximately a hundred years before Beethoven? If the Earth still exists and Humanity with it, maybe all that will be remembered is that in the second half of the second millennium A.D. (will Humanity still record time according to Christian faith?) there were composers who wrote Music using mainly a language called Tonality and that, for example, the above two composers used Tonality in a different style from one another. Will it ever matter that Bach came before Beethoven?


Time is only Relative and Irrelevant.


Time makes a mock of us all and, paraphrasing Molière, one can say that Time has nothing to do with artistic values.



A list of so-called Masterworks. My point of view is that the more time passes, particularly from the end of the War onwards, the worst the artistic quality becomes.

1893         Ciaikowski: Sinfonia Patetica N°6

                    Dvorak: Sinfonia dal Nuovo Mondo N°9

                    Verdi: Falstaff

                    Puccini: Manon Lescaut

                     Debussy: Quartetto

1894         Debussy: L’Aprè Midi d’une Faune

                    Mahler: Sinfonia N° 2

1895         Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel

1896         Bruckner: Sinfonia N°9

                    Puccini: La Bohème

                    Giordano: Andrea Chénier

                    Strauss: Così parlò Zarathustra

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 3

1897          Dukas: L’Apprenti Sorcier

                     Strauss: Don Quixote

1898          Strauss: Vita d’Eroe

                     Ravel: Shéhérazade

1899          Elgar: Enigma Variations

                     Sibelius: Finlandia

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N°1

                     De Falla: Trio con Pianoforte

                     Ravel: Pavane

                     Schoenberg: Verklärte Nacht        

                     Debussy: Nocturnes

1900          Puccini: La Tosca

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Elgar: Dream of Gerontius

1901           Rachmaninoff: Concerto per Pianoforte N°2

                     Ravel: Jeaux d’Eau

                     Dvorak: Rusalka

                     Elgar: Cockaigne

                     Skrjabin: Sinfonia N° 2

1902          Debussy: Pelléas et Mélisande

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 5

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N°2

                     Cilea: Adriana Lecouvreur

1903          Ravel: Quartetto 

                     Debussy: Estampes

                     Strauss: Sinfonia Domestica

                     Sibelius: Concerto per Violino

                     Schoenberg: Pelleas und Melisand

                     Bartók: Kossuth

1904          Puccini: Madame Butterfly

                     Janácek: Jenufa

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 6

                     Mahler: Kindertotenlieder

                     Elgar: In the South

1905          Debussy: La Mer

                     Lehàr: La Vedova Allegra

                     Strauss: Salome

                     De Falla: La Vida Breve

                     Sibelius: Pelléas et Mélisande

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 7

                     Elgar: Introduction and Allegro

                     Skrjabin: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Suk: Asrael

                     Debussy: Images (I° libro)

                     Rimsky-Korsakov: Il Gallo d’Oro

1906          Mahler: Sinfonia N° 8

                     Roussel: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Sibelius: La Figlia di Pohjola

                     Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie N° 1 Op. 9

1907          Ravel: Rapsodie Espagnole

                     Ravel: Histoires Naturelles

                     Rimsky-Korsakov: La Leggenda della Città Invisibile di Kitezh

                     Ives: Central Park in the Dark

                     Dukas: Ariane et Barbe-Bleue

                     Debussy: Images (II° libro)

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N° 3

1908          Webern: Passacaglia per Orchestra

                     Berg: Sonata per pianoforte

                     Debussy: Images – Ibéria per orchestra

                     Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde

                     Skrjabin: Poema dell’Estasi

                     Holst: Sävitri

                     Elgar: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Elgar: Elegy

                     Strauss: Elektra

                     Strawinsky: Fuochi d’Artificio

                     Strawinsky: Sinfonia in Mi b

                     Bartók: Concerto per Violino

                     Bartók: Due Ritratti

                     Bartók: Quartetto N° 1

                     Schoenberg: Quartetto per Archi N° 2 Op. 10

1909          Mahler: Sinfonia N° 9

                     Strawinsky: Le Rossignol

                     Vaughan Williams: A Sea Symphony N° 1

                     Debussy: Rondes de Printemps

                     Rachmaninov: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 3

                     Wolf-Ferrari: Il Segreto di Susanna

                     Schoenberg: Cinque Pezzi per Orchestra

                     Schoenberg: Erwartung

                     Webern: Sei Pezzi per Orchestra Op. 6

1910          Strawinsky: L’Uccello di Fuoco

                     Skrjabin: Prometeo o Poema del Fuoco

                     Bartók: Deux Images – Due Quadri

                     Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier

                     Mahler: Sinfonia N° 10

                     Elgar: Concerto per Violino

                     Puccini: La Fanciulla del West

                     Massenet: Don Quichotte

                     Berg: Quartetto per Archi N° 3

                     Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis

1911           Strawinsky: Petroushka

                     Ravel: Valses Nobles et Sentimentales

                     Ravel: Daphnis e Chloé Suite N° 1

                     Glière: Sinfonia N° 3 Op. 42

                     Debussy: Le Martyre de Saint Sébastien

                     Schoenberg: Gurrelieder

                     Bartók: Il Castello del Principe Barbablu

                     Nielsen: Concerto per Violino

                     Nielsen: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Elgar: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Ravel: L’Heure Espagnole

                     Ives: The Unanswered Question

1912           Debussy: Jeux

                     Ives: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Ravel: Ma Mère l’Oye

                     Prokofiev: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 1

                     Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos          

                     Dukas: La Péri

                     Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire Op. 16

1913           Strawinsky: Sagra di Primavera

                     Schoenberg: Der Glückische Hand

                     Webern: Cinque Pezzi per Orchestra Op. 10

                     Russolo: Bruitismo

                     Ravel: Trois Poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé

                     Ravel: Daphnis e Chloé Suite N° 2

                     Prokofiev: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 2

                     Rachmaninov: Le Campane

                     Elgar: Falstaff

1914          Vaughan Williams: The Lark Ascending

                     Ives: Three Places in New England

                     Reger: Variazioni e Finale su un Tema di Mozart

                     Berg: Tre Pezzi per Orchestra Op. 6

1915           De Falla: El Amor Brujo

                     De Falla: Noches en los Jardines de España

                     Debussy: Sonata per Flauto, Viola e Arpa

                     Debussy: Douze Etudes

                     Prokofiev: Suite Scita (Ala e Lolli)

                      Ives: Sonata N° 2 “Concord” per pianoforte

                     Bloch: Schelomo

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N° 5

                     Strauss: Eine Alpensinfonie

1916           Respighi: Fontane di Roma

                     Strawinsky: Les Noces

                     Strawinsky: Renard

                     Holst: The Planets

                     Bartók: Suite Op. 14

                     Bartók: Il Principe di Legno

                     Bloch: Schelomo

                     Nielsen: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Szymanowski: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Szymanowski: Canto della Notte

                     Szymanowski: Concerto per Violino N° 1

                     Ives: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos  (seconda versione)

1917           Prokofiev: Sinfonia Classica N° 1

                     Busoni: Turandot

                     Puccini: La Rondine

                     Bartók: Quartetto N° 2

                     Debussy: Sonata per Violino e Pianoforte

                     Pfitzner: Palestrina

                     Satie: Parade

1918           Strawinsky: Histore du Soldat

                     Janácek: Taras Bulba

                     Puccini: Il Trittico

1919           De Falla: El Sombrero de Tres Picos

                     Milhaud: Le Boeuf sur le Toit

                     Ravel: Le Tombeau de Couperin

                     Prokofiev: L’Amore per le Tre Melarance

                     Fauré: Masques et Bergamasques  

                     Bartók: Il Mandarino Meraviglioso

                     Elgar: Concerto per Violoncello

                     Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten

1920          Ravel: La Valse

                     Strawinsky: Pulcinella

                     Strawinsky: Sinfonia per Strumenti a Fiato

1921           Honegger: Le Roi David

                     Fauré: Quintetto con Pianoforte N° 2

                     Chávez: El Fuego Nuovo

                     Varèse: Offrandes

                     Hindemith: Kammermusik N° 1

                     Bartók: Sonata per Violino e Pianoforte N° 1

                     Roussel: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Prokofiev: Concerto per Pianoforte N°3

1922          Ravel: Sonata per Violino e Violoncello

                     Bartók: Sonata per Violino e Pianoforte N° 2

                     Strawinsky: Mavra

                     De Falla: El Retablo de Maese Pedro

                     Walton: Façade

                     Berg: Wozzeck

                     Bax: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Nielsen: Sinfonia N° 5

1923          Ravel: Alborada de Gracioso

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N° 6

                      Strawinsky: Ottetto

                     Honegger: Pacific 231

                     Bartók: Dance Suite

                     Milhaud: La Création du Monde

                     Schoenberg: Klavierstücke Op. 23

                     Schoenberg: Serenade Op. 24

                     Kodály: Psalmus Hungaricus

                     Poulenc: Les Biches

                     Fauré: Trio con Pianoforte

                     Zemlinsky: Lyrische Symphonie

                     Varèse: Octandre

                     Varèse: Hyperprism

1924          Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue

                     Respighi: Pini di Roma

                     Ravel: Tzigane

                     Sibelius: Sinfonia N° 7

                     Strawinsky: Piano Sonata

                     Busoni: Doktor Faust

                     Prokofiev: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Szymanowski: King Roger

                     Janácek: La Volpe Astuta

                     Strauss: Intermezzo

                     Ruggles: Men and Mountains

1925          Ravel: L ‘Enfant et les Sortilèges

                     Janácek: Sinfonietta

                     Nielsen: Concerto per Flauto

                     Nielsen: Sinfonia N° 6

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Gershwin: Concerto in Fa

                     Chávez: Los Cuatro Soles

                     Varèse: Intégrales

1926          Kodály: Háry János

                     Janácek: Messa Glagolitica

                     Hindemith: Cardillac

                     De Falla: Concerto per Clavicembalo

                     Bartók: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 1

                     Bartók: Sonata per Pianoforte

                     Berg: Lyrische Suite

                     Puccini: Turandot

                     Sibelius: Tapiola

                     Szymanowski: King Roger

1927          Varèse: Arcana

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Rachmaninov: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 4

                     Antheil: Ballet Mécanique

                     Krenek: Jonny Spielt Auf

                     Strawinsky: Oedipus Rex

                     Bartók:  Quartetto N° 3

1928          Gershwin: An American in Paris


                     Strawinsky: Apollon Musagète

                     Strawinsky: Le Baiser dela Fée

                     Bartók: Quartetto N° 4

                     Prokofiev: L’Enfant Prodigue

                     Prokofiev: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Sciostakovic: Il Naso

                     Janácek: Messa Glagolitica

                     Janácek: Dalla Casa dei Morti

                     Elgar: Pomp and Circumstance

                     Nielsen: Concerto per Clarinetto

                     Honneger: Rugby

                     Schoenberg: Variazioni per Orchestra Op. 31

                     Webern: Sinfonia Op. 21

                     Weill: L’Opera da Tre Soldi

1929          Respighi: Feste Romane

                     Prokofiev: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Strawinsky: Concerto per Pianoforte

                     Strawinsky: Capriccio per Pianoforte

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Walton: Concerto per Viola

1930          Strawinsky: Symphonie des Psaumes

                     Roussel: Bacchus et Ariane

                     Roussel: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Bartók: Cantata Profana

                     Prokofiev: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Honegger: Sinfonia N° 1

1931           Ravel: Concerto in Sol

                     Ravel: Concerto in Re (mano sinistra)

                     Walton: Belshazzar’s Feast

                     Strawinsky: Concerto per Violino

                     Bartók: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 2

                     Skalkottas: Ottetto

                     Szymanowski: Harnasie

                     Varèse: Ionisation

1932          Schoenberg: Moses und Aaron

                     Poulenc: La Voix Humaine

                     Strawinsky: Duo Concertant per Violino e Pianoforte

                     Szymanowski: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Sciostakovic: Lady Macbeth del Distretto di Mtsensk

                     Britten: Sinfonietta

                     Bax: Sinfonia N° 5

                     Prokofiev: Concerto per Pianoforte N° 5

1933          Kodály: Danze di Galánta

                     Sciostakovic: Concerto per Pianoforte N°1

                     Schmidt: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Strauss: Arabella

                     Ghedini: Marinaresca e Baccanale

                     Weill: I Sette Peccati Mortali

                     Honegger: Mouvement Symphonique N° 3

1934          Hindemith: Mathis der Mahler

                     Bartók: Quartetto N° 5

                     Vaughan Williams: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Britten: Simple Symphony

                     Roussel: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Rachmaninov: Paganini Rhapsody

                     Strawinsky: Perséphone

1935          Walton: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Gershwin: Porgy and Bess

                     Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie N° 2 Op. 38

                     Berg: Concerto Per Violino

                     Strauss: La Donna Silenziosa

                     Strawinsky: Concerto per Due Pianoforti

1936          Rachmaninoff: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Prokofiev: Romeo e Giulietta

                     Schoenberg: Concerto per Violino

                     Copland: El Salòn Mexico            

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Prokofiev: Pierino e il Lupo

                     Khachiaturian: Concerto per Pianoforte

                     Ginastera: Panambí

                     Barber: Adagio

                     Barber: Sinfonia N° 1

                     Chávez: Sinfonia N° 2 “India”

                     Varèse: Density 21.5

                     Bartók: Musica per Archi, Celesta e Percussione

1937          Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 5

                     Strawinsky: Jeu de Cartes

                     Bartók: Sonata per Due Pianoforti e Percussione

                     Menotti: Amelia al Ballo

                     Orff: Carmina Burana

                     Britten: Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge

                     Schmidt: Il Libro dai Sette Sigilli  

                     Martinu: Julietta

1938          Strawinsky: Dumbarton Oaks Concerto

                     Webern: Streichquartett Op. 28

                     Prokofiev: Alexandr Nevskij

                     Bartók: Concerto per Violino N° 2

                     Poulenc: Concerto per Organo

                     Hindemith: Nobilissima Visione

                     Copland: Billy the Kid

                     Honegger: Jeanne d’Arc au Bûcher

                     Schoenberg: Kol Nidre

1939          Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez

                     Dallapiccola: Volo di Notte

                     Tippett: Concerto for Double String Orchestra

                     Bartók: Quartetto N° 6

                     Britten: Les Illuminations

                     Harris: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 6

                     Bartók: Quartetto per archi N°6

1940          Strawinsky: Sinfonia in Do

                     Khachaturian: Concerto per Violino

                     Honegger: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Dallapiccola; Volo di Notte

                     Chávez: Xochipili

                     Webern: Variazioni per Orchestra Op. 30

                     Messiaen: Quatuor pour la Fin du Temps

                     Petrassi: Coro dei Morti

1941          Ginastera: Estancia

                     Dallapiccola: Canti di Prigionia

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 7

                     Tippett: A Child of our Time

1942          Copland: Rodeo

                     Copland: Fanfare for the Common Man

                     Hindemith: Ludus Tonalis

                     Schoenberg: Ode a Napoleone

                     Strauss: Capriccio

                     Strawinsky: Danses Concertantes

                     Khachaturian: Gayaneh

                     Schoenberg: Concerto per pianoforte

1943          Britten: Serenade

                     Bartók: Concerto per Orchestra

                     Hindemith: Metamorfosi Sinfoniche

                     Strawinsky: Ode

                     Prokofiev: Guerra e Pace

                     Messaien: Visions de l’Amen

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 8

1944          Prokofiev: Sinfonia N°5   

                     Prokofiev: Cenerentola

                     Sciostakovic: Quintetto con Pianoforte

                     Strawinsky: Scènes de Ballet

                     Copland: Appalachian Spring

                     Barber: Capricorn Concerto

                     Bernstein: On the Town

                     Bernstein: Fancy Free

1945          Strawinsky: Ebony Concerto

                     Strawinsky: Sinfonia in Tre Tempi

                     Strauss: Metamorphosen

                     Honegger: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 9

                     Britten: Peter Grimes

                     Bartók: Concerto per Pianoforte e Orchestra N°3

                     Villa-Lobos: Bachianas Brasileiras N°9

1946          Britten: The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra

                     Hindemith: Symphonia Serena

                     Menotti: The Medium

                     Strawinsky: Concerto in Re

                     Schoenberg: Trio per Archi

                     Boulez: Sonata per Pianoforte N° 1

                     Honegger: Sinfonia N° 3

1947          Schoenberg: Un Soppravissuto di Varsavia

                     Copland: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Barber: Knoxville: Summer of 1915

                     Menotti: The Telephone

                     Strawinsky: Orpheus

                     Vaughan Williams: Sinfonia N°6

                     Hartmann: Sinfonia N° 4

                     Prokofiev: Sinfonia N° 6

                     Ives: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Poulenc: Les Mammelles de Tirésias

1948          Strawinsky: Mass

                     Strauss: Vier Lezte Lieder

                     Copland: Clarinet Concerto

                     Boulez: Sonata per Pianoforte N° 2

                     Sciostakovic: Concerto per Violino N° 1

                     Dallapiccola: Il Prigioniero

                     Messiaen: Turangalila Symphonie

                     Cage: Sonatas and Interludes

1949          Britten: Spring Symphony

                     Bernstein: Prelude, Gugue and Riffs

1950          Menotti: Il Console

1951           Henze: Boulevard Solitude

                     Britten: Billy Budd

                     Tippett: Ritual Dances

                     Honegger: Sinfonia N° 5

                     Strawinsky: The Rake’s Progress

1952          Prokofiev: Sinfonia N°7

                     Strawinsky: Cantata

                     Stockhausen: Kontra-Punkte

                     Vaughan Williams: Sinfonia Antartica

                     Tippett: The Midsummer Marriage

                     Cage: 4′ 33″

                     Boulez: Structures I

1953          Martinu: Sinfonia N° 6

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 10

                     Messaien: Le Réveil des Oiseaux

                     Ginastera: Variaciones Concertantes

1954          Britten: The Turn of the Screw

                     Lutoslawski: Concerto per Orchestra

                     Varèse: Déserts

                     Xenakis: Metastasis

1955          Henze: König Hirsch

                     Bernstein: On the Waterfront

                     Boulez: Le Marteau sans Maître

1956          Messiaen: Oiseaux Exotiques

                     Nono: Il Canto Sospeso

                     Stockhausen: Zeitmasse

                     Stockhausen: Klavierstük XI

                     Bernstein: Candide

1957          Stockhausen: Gruppen

                     Pousseur: Scambi

                     Boulez: Sonata per Pianoforte N° 3

                     Illiac: (cervello elettronico) Suite per quartetto d’archi

                     Bernstein: West Side Story

                     Vaughan Williams: Sinfonia N° 9

                     Hindemith: Die Harmonie der Welt

                     Poulenc: Dialogues des Carmélites

                     Strawinsky: Agon

                     Sciostakocic: Sinfonia N° 11

                     Sciostakovic: Concerto per Pianofotre N° 2

1958          Berio: Sequenza per Flauto

                     Strawinsky: Threni

                     Messaien: Catalougue d’Oiseaux

                     Britten: Nocturne

                     Pousseur: Mobile

                     Lutoslawski: Trauermusik Music

1959          Poulenc: Gloria

                     Dutilleux: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Strawinsky: Movements per Pianoforte

                     Sciostakovic: Concerto per Violoncello N° 1

                     Poulenc: La Voix Humaine

                     Stockhausen: Refrain

1960          Berio: Circles

                     Stockhausen: Zyklus

                     Stockhausen: Kontakte

                     Penderecki: Anaklasis

                     Penderecki: Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima

                     Nono: Intolleranza

                     Walton: Sinfonia N° 2

                     Britten: A Midsummer Night’s Dream

1961          Britten: War Requiem

                     Tippett: King Priam

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 12

                     Henze: Elegy for Young Lovers

                     Lutoslawski: Venetian Games

                     Berio: Epifanie

                     Boulez: Structures II

                     Varèse: Nocturnal

                     Gerhard: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Ligeti: Atmosphères

1962          Boulez: Pli selon Pli

                     Copland: Connotations

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 13

                     Strawinsky: The Flood

1963          Bernstein: Kaddish Symphony

                     Panufnik: Sinfonia Sacra

1964          Stockhausen: Mikrophonie I

                     Stockhausen: Momente

                     Ginastera: Don Rodrigo

                     Britten: Curlew River

                     Strawinsky: Elegy for J.F.K.

                     Lees: Concerto for String Quartet nad Orchestra

1965          Ligeti: Requiem

                     Penderecki: Passione Secondo S. Luca       

                     Corigliano: Elegy for Orchestra

                     Bernstein: Chichester Psalms

                     Henze: The Bassarids

1966          Sciostakovic: Concerto per Violoncello N° 2

1967          Ligeti: Lontano

                     Penderecki: Diaes Irae

                     Pousseur: Votre Faust

                     Birtwistle: Punch and Judy

                     Stockhausen: Hymnen

                     Ginastera: Bomarzo

                     Ginastera: Estudios Sinfónicos

                     Sciostakovic: Concero per Violino N° 2

                     Takemitsu: November Steps

1968          Davies (Maxwell): Taverner

                     Kurtag: I Detti di Peter Bornemisza

                     Pärt: Credo

                     Taverner: Celtic Requiem

                     Birtwistle: Punch and Judy

                     Dallapiccola: Ulisse

                     Stockhausen: Stimmung

                     Berio: Sinfonia

                     Sciostakovic: Quartetto per Archi N° 12

1969          Davies (Maxwell): Eight Songs for a Mad King

                     Carter: Concerto for Orchestra

                     Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 14

1970          Ligeti: Kammerkonzert x 13

                     Sciostakovic: Quartetto N° 13

                     Berio: Opera

                     Stockhausen: Mantra

                     Ferneyhough: Cassandra’s Dream Song

                     Holloway: Scenes from Schumann

1971          Sciostakovic: Sinfonia N° 15

                     Reich: Drumming

                     Kurtag: 4 Capricci Op. 9

                     Bernstein: Mass

1972          Reich: Clapping Music

                     Petrassi: Concerto per Orchestra

                     Taverner: Ultimos Ritos

                     Birtwistle: The Triumph of Time

                     Bussotti: Lorenzaccio

                     Davies (Maxwell): Taverner

1973          Davies (Maxwell): Stone Litany

                     Henze: Tristan

                     Britten: Death in Venice

                     Sciostakovic: Quartetto per Archi N° 14

1974          Penderecki: Magnificat

                     Sciostakovic: Quartetto per Archi N° 15

1975          Nono: Al Gran Sole Carico d’Amore

                     Corigliano: Concerto for Oboe and Orchestra

                     Britten: Quartetto per Archi N° 3

                     Ferneyhough: Transit

                     Carter: A Mirror on which to Dwell

                     Zwilich: Symposium for Orchestra

                     Boulez: Rituel

                     Sciostakovic: Sonata per Viola

1976          Berio: Coro

                     Corigliano: A Dylan Thomas Trilogy

                     Del Tredici: Final Alice

                     Taverner: Thérèse

                     Glass: Einstein on the Beach

                     Henze: We come to the River

                     Davies (Maxwell): The Martyrdom of St. Magnus

                     Gorecki: Sinfonia N°3

                     Rorem: Air Music

1977          Pärt: Tabula Rasa

                     Pärt: Fratres

                     Mathias: Helios

                     Corigliano: Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra

                     Carter: A Symphony of 3 Orchestras

                     Ligeti: Le Grand Macabre

                     H.K. Gruber: Frankenstein!!

1978          Carter: Syringa

                     Mathias: Requiescat

                     Berio: La Vera Storia

1979          Davies (Maxwell): Black Pentecost

                     Boulez: Notations

                     Adams: Shaker Loops

                     Holloway: Second Concerto for Orchestra

1980          Stockhausen: Donnerstag aus Licht

                     Bernstein: Divertimento for Orchestra

                     Gubaidulina: Offertorium

                     Del Tredici: In Memory of a Summer Day

                     Benjamin: Ringed by the Flat Horizon

                     Ferneyhough: Funerailles II

                     Penderecki: Te Deum

                     Kurtag: I Messaggi della Defunta R.V. Trussova

1981          Corigliano: Pied Piper Fantasy

                     Tower: Sequoia

                     Boulez: Répons

1982          Tippett: The Mask of Time

                     Panufnik: Arbor Cosmica

                     Harbison: Mirabai Songs

                     Benjamin: At First Light

                     Zwilich: Symphony N° 1

                     Pärt: Passio

                     Lutoslawski: Sinfonia N°3

                     Ferneyhough: Carceri d’Invenzione

1983          Berio: Un Re in Ascolto

                     Penderecki; Polish Requiem

                     Reich: The Desert Music

                     Messaien: Saint François d’Assise

                     Schwantner: Magabunda

1984          Birtwistle: The Mask of Orpheus

                     Holloway: Seascape and Harvest

1985          Davies (Maxwell): An Orkney Wedding with Sunrise

                     Torke: The Yellow Pages

                     Torke: Ecstatic Orange

                     Rouse: Phantasmata

                     Rorem: Violin Concerto

                     Adams: Harmonielehre

1986          Pärt: Te Deum

                     Tower: Silver Ladders

                     Del Tredici: Tattoo

                     Adams: Short Ride in a fast Machine

                     Rouse: Symphony N° 1

1987          Adams: Nixon in China

                     Taverner: The Protecting Veil

                     Gorecki: Totus Tuus

                     Corigliano: Le Campane di Ravello

                     Torke: Adjustable Wrench

                     MacMillan: Litanies of Iron and Stone

1988          Adams: Fearful Symmetries

                     Taverner: The Akhathist of Thanksgiving

                     Schnittke: Sinfonia N° 5 1988

                     MacMillan: Búsqueda

                     Reich: Different Trains

1989          Pärt: Magnificat

                     Pärt: Miserere

                     Adams: The Wound Dresser

                     Torke: Ash

                     Turnage: Three Screaming Popes

1990          MacMillan: The Confession of Isobel Gowdie

                     MacMillan: The Berserking

                     Holloway: Violin Concerto

                     Corigliano: Symphony N° 1

1991          Birtwistle: Gawain

                     Davies (Maxwell): Caroline Mathilde

                     Davies (Maxwell): Ojai Festival Ouverture

                     Nyman: The Piano Concerto

                     Mathias: Sinfonia N° 3

                     Turnage: Momentum

1992          MacMillan: Veni, Veni Emmanuel

                     Lees: Concero for French Horn and Orchestra

                     Schwertsik: Irdische Klange

1993          Adams: Violin Concerto

                     Fitkin: Hook

                     Turnage: Your Rockaby

                     Turnage: Drowned Out

                     MacMillan: Seven Last Words from the Cross

1994          Taverner: Innocence

                     Schoenfield: Four Parables

                     Danielpour: Cello Concerto

1995          Corigliano: To Music

                     Reich: City Music

                     Torke: December

                     Danielpour: Anima Mundi

1996          Schwertsik: Sinfonia-Sinfonietta

                     Danielpour: Concerto for Orchestra

1997          Tan Dun: Symphony 1997 – Heaven Earth Mankind

1998          Previn: A Streetcar named Desire

1999          Bolcom: A View from the Bridge

            Harbison: The Great Gatsby